I’m beginning my background research for a new book about Caddo schools. My plan is to give a brief history of the education system that was in place when Caddo was established and follow some of the major changes over the next fifty years. I already have the rolls for various classes from more than a dozen schools, many newspaper articles, and a few photos. What I don’t have is a clear understanding of the goals and expectations for the students of each decade. So I’m trying to remedy that by reading official publications. Oh my! They are fascinating and informative and enlightening in ways that I never imagined. There is SO much in these early writings that was never covered in any of my college education classes. I’m sure that School Life is going to become part of my weekly reading and that I’ll be sharing some of it from time to time.
From School Life, published twice a month by the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education
“Our public schools are not merely local institutions serving local needs alone, as some have thought, but they are units of a national instrument, entrusted to towns and cities to be administered, but created primarily in order that the welfare of the nation shall be promoted.”
Aims of a Program in Education
Adopted by the National Education Association, July 4
A program of education in America should aim to bring about the following results:
(1) A general high level of patriotic, intelligent, and competent citizenship through the specific training of all the children of the democracy for citizenship to an age approximating maturity.
(2) The Americanization of the un-Americanized elements in the United States, both native and foreign born.
(3) The complete abolition of illiteracy.
(4) The use of English as the universal language of instruction in public education and as the means of making general and common our American ideals.
(5) A high degree of physical and moral fitness for both the responsibilities of peace and the duties of war on the part of all our people.
(6) An adequate and effective system of public education, both State and National, as the chief agency for the accomplishment of the above ends.