Since we are getting closer to the end of another year I thought it would be a good idea to update everyone on my research and blog plans.
I want to remind you again that I would appreciate any information, personal story, or photo you would like to share with me- for the blog or one of my books. Many of you lived the history that I only read about!
The Caddo Herald
October 6, 1922
Cat’s Paw Begins to Scratch Soon
As a result of the contest for the editorship of the Cat’s Paw for this term any excellent papers were turned in and so much good material was found that the judges have not been able to announce their decisions on all the papers.
For Editor-in-Chief Miss Lena Willis was selected as her paper ranked first.
Miss Jennie Grace Mugg was chosen Senior Editor.
The judges have not announced their decisions as to the other members of the staff. This will be done next week.
Miss Willis and Miss Mugg have entered upon their duties with energy and pep and we predict one of the best high school papers in the state if the members of the classes will give these young ladies their assistance. The Cat’s Paw is for the whole school; for Caddo; and for a better school spirit.
Each class will select its own reporter and a box will be placed in the study hall to receive communications from pupils. Also ideas as to conduct of the paper will be received and welcomed. Nobody connected with the paper has any idea that they know all there is to know, so new ideas will be cordially welcomed.
High School and the grades are buckled down to good work. Last Friday was payday at the grammar School, while today will be payday at the high school.
There were many excellent papers from which the judges made their decisions and they were surprised that so many good papers were submitted. There is much real literary talent in Caddo High and the Cat’s Paw will do its best to bring it out.
This event didn’t take place in Caddo, but both parties had relatives throughout the area. Deputy Dow Braziel of Ardmore had already been involved in two publicized shootings before this altercation took place. One badly injured his right hand, but a month later, with it in a sling, he managed to wield a gun with his left hand and shoot a bootlegger. I don't know if these Braziels were all related, but most were from Texas, and there was also a violent killing there in 1923 when J. L. Braziel of Tyler shot and killed his wife.
Durant Weekly News
December 18, 1914
Killing at Coffey Bend
Jim Braziel Killed by Henry Anderson after Quarrel
Slayer Phoned the Sheriff of this Deed and Gave up to the Officer
A few drinks, a quarrel, a little gun play, a pistol shot, and the story is told of the killing of Jim Braziel, a young man living in the Coffey Bend country who was slain by Henry Anderson, late Monday night. Henry Anderson immediately after the shooting telephoned Sheriff Lib Hart that he had killed a man and wanted to give himself up to the officer and Sheriff Hart went out and brought him to this city where he was placed in jail awaiting a preliminary hearing.
The story as told by Mr. Anderson is substantially as follows:
Mr. Anderson had given a dance at this home Monday night which was attended by young Braziel and a brother of his, both of whom had been drinking. During the evening Jim Braziel started a quarrel with a nephew of Mr. Anderson, during which disagreement it is said that Braziel threatened to kill the young man. Later in the evening Braziel took up the quarrel again, this time with Mr. Anderson himself. During the passing of heated words Mr. Anderson alleges that Braziel grabbed hold of him with a treat to kill him and reached toward his hip pocket, after which act Mr. Anderson quickly drew his gun, and shot Braziel in the pit of the stomach, which resulted in the death of Braziel almost immediately.
Mr. Anderson is well known here and is a successful farmer. He has a good reputation and neighbors have said that Henry Anderson is the last man in the world they would suspect of killing another. He is past fifty years of age while Braziel was a young man about twenty-five years old.
In 1908 John Braziel, Ardmore, shot and killed Constable D. B. Cook and wound two others in a drunken brawl.
In 1919 Dow Braziel, Ardmore, was killed in a shoot-out with deputy sheriff Bud Ballew.
The Caddo Oklahoma Star
July 20, 1876
The trains are now running on time. Owing to the immense damage the railroad has sustained within the last few weeks the payment for the killing of stock in the Territory will be postponed for a time. (Heavy rainfall damaged the tracks and several bridges.)
Col. David Hawkins visited our town last week.
His Excellency, Gov. Cole, was in town last week.
McKee and Avery will be pardoned in a few days.
Bro. J. Y. Bryce filled his appointment at this place last Sunday.
Gen. D. H. Cooper passed through town Saturday last on his way to Atoka.
The report now is that Sitting Bull was killed in the fight with Custer, but it lacks confirmation.
With the exception of the break at the livery stable, we now have a plank walk from the upper end of Main Street to Gallie’s Bakery. (The editor of the paper raved about Mr. Gallie’s breads.)
Our friend, Jimmy Clinton, the prince of caterers, has taken the Oklahoma Hotel, where he will be pleased to entertain all who are fond of good cheer.
Rev. J. Y. Bryce will preach the funeral sermon of the late Maj. A. Harlan at this place on the 5th Sunday of this month. He will preach at Savana, Choctaw Nation, the 1st Sunday in August instead of the 5th Sunday in July as heretofore announced. (Mr. Harlan’s funeral had been postponed for months- problems with the reverend’s schedule, weather.)
Marchand & Fenlon shipped the first car load of wheat from Caddo this year.
The bold and daring train robberies that are continually occurring must force the railroad companies to adopt some plan to stop them; and the only way is to keep an armed guard on every train.
Planters on the Red and Arkansas River have sustained serious losses by the overflow. A great deal of stock has been drowned and any amount of crops totally ruined.
Died: It becomes the painful duty of the Star to chronicle the death of another old and valued citizen of the Choctaw Nation. Mrs. Lovisa Folsom, widow of the late Rev. Israel Folsom, who throughout his long life was a leading man among his people. Mrs. Folsom, after a long, lingering illness, expired on the 11th inst. and went to her reward in the better world. She leaves an innumerable host of friends and relatives to mourn her loss and cherish her loved memory.
We learn that Frank Colbert’s loss by the washing away of the bridge was not so serious as at first anticipated, as he only owned a half-interest in it and it was insured by the company that built it to stand two years.
Mr. Ross, father of the lost Charlie, is writing a history of his child’s disappearance, which he intends putting on the market as a matter of speculation. (Couldn’t find an explanation for this.)
St. James – Mrs. Julia Sims wishes to announce that her rates for board have been reduced from $20 to $15 per month. Her table is supplied with the best the country affords and no pains spared to give satisfaction and make her guests a continuance of the liberal patronage she has heretofore received.
The Durant Weekly News
May 22, 1931
Better Homes Tour This Week
Caddo has done some very fine Better Homes Work and at this time we wish to call your attention to some of the outstanding things done in that community. You are invited to go to see these places of interest Friday, Saturday, or Sunday afternoon from 2:30 o’clock until six.
The first is the new garage-home of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Semple. This is a very cozy home and shows what can be done at a very small expenditure. This house has water and electricity; the electricity is not only used for lights, but also for cooking purposes. Mrs. and Mrs. Semple live on the highway just a short distance from Caddo.
The second is a very pretty rock garden at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Davidson. The plans for this yard were drawn by Mr. White from A&M. Mrs. Davidson has accomplished much not only in her yard, but has changed a nearby vacant lot into a play ground for children, she has also reconditioned her kitchen and it is a model in every respect.
The third is a reconditioned kitchen in the home of Mr. and Mrs. M. B. Taylor. Mrs. Taylor has done a lot of work in making this attractive kitchen. She has running water, a nice built-in cabinet with plenty of storage space, gas for cooking, and many other little things which add much to a convenient kitchen and at the same time cost very little.
The fourth is a remodeled home of Mr. and Mrs. C.O. Markham, which is now being completed. Mr. Markham is doing the work himself and had hoped to complete it for this occasion. Altho it isn’t quite finished, you are invited to stop and see this nice home.
This tour concludes the Better Homes work for 1931 and we wish to
December 13, 1912
Marriage Licenses issued last Friday and Saturday at Caddo: J. L. Draper to Lillie Price, Caddo; Henry Smith to Rosa Knight; Charles W. Smith to Lela Dozie, Kenefick; J. W. Hammons to Ola Thomason, Kenefick; C. E. Scoggins to Jennie Thomason, Kenefick.
Jack Moore visited Bonham Monday and Tuesday.
Mrs. G. S. Cobb spent several days this week visiting her daughter, Mrs. Joe Carraway, in Kenefick.
J.T. Petty has returned from a hunting trip to the mountains. He has sold his interest in the First National Bank at Kenefick, but has not yet decided what business he will engage in.
The Music Club met with Mrs. Amos K. Bass last Saturday afternoon at 3 o’clock, Mrs. Bass and Mrs. E. D. Bennett being the hostesses. A splendid two course luncheon was served by the hostesses which all enjoyed. They decided to give a box supper at the new post office building tonight (Friday).
The Civic Club met Wednesday afternoon with Mrs. G. E. Carroll as hostess. Twelve members and one visitor, Mrs. Frazier, were present. In the absence of the President and Vice President, Mrs. Lake Brewer was appointed to the chair. Mrs. W. E. Brigance and Mrs. M. L. Turner were elected honorary members until the regular election day in January…The hostess served an elegant two course turkey luncheon which was much enjoyed.
Hon. W. A. Jones, District Clerk elect of Bryan County, appointed Richard Nicolds of Caddo as Deputy Clerk during the incoming administration. Mr. Nicolds will move to Durant during Christmas week. He is 26 years of age, a lawyer, born and raised in Bryan County, the son of Judge E. F. Nicolds of Caddo and some time has been associated with his father in the practice of law…
Mrs. Scalf is on the sick list this week.
Mrs. Fenley went to Texas on business Thursday of last week.
A.P. Tidwell went to Caddo Monday and bought a new wagon.
Bro. Taylor filled his regular appointment here Saturday and Sunday.
Sam Tigert, who has been down with typhoid, is able to be out again.
Mrs. McGee and son, Lee, visited the Woodmen Circle here Saturday afternoon.
Albert Matoy and Early Zion have returned from Kansas City where they have been to market cattle.
Jim Fitzer went to Durant to attend the sale of land last week and purchased a 100 acre tract near here.
School is progressing nicely since the assistant, Miss Blanch Ausly arrived. Miss Ward has moved the higher grades upstairs while Miss Blanch teaches the smaller children in the school room. It makes things more pleasant for the teacher and pupils.
Mr. and Mrs. Branum and daughter, Miss Della, of Bentley, Okla., visited Mr. and Mrs. Jim Stringer of this place Saturday and Sunday.
Mrs. Robinson and family of Holdenville, Okla. have moved here to make their home. Mr. Robinson intends to buy land here.
Died: Little Mabel, the 18 month old baby of Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Tidwell, died December 5th and was buried in the Matoy Cemetery Friday, the 6th.
Card of Thanks: We wish to attempt to thank our friends and neighbors for the kindness and assistance they have shown us during the sickness and death of our darling Mabel, who passed from this world of pain and woes on December 5th. A. P. Tidwell, Ollie Tidwell, her parents
Since we are now so dependent on our phones, I thought it would be interesting to take a brief look at the history of telephone service in Caddo. This isn’t a topic I’ve specifically researched. I just used “search” to explore what I already had in my files for 1900-1925. I find the last item especially touching. I remember speaking with lots of telephone operators over the years. My mother worked as a switchboard for our local furniture store for a short time and I was the “relief” switchboard operator for a Macy’s store for five years.
Phone service required lots of planning and work. Professionals and businesses were the first customers and you can see by the items below that they quickly realized the advantages of being connected. Towns got service before the country did, and of course most country patrons had to endure “party lines” -shared and often overheard, by all. I left out several items about crimes and tragedies that were reported or averted by telephone, but you can see from the few I did include that the telephone was often literally a life saver.
Be sure to read November 1, 1901.
April 20, 1900
Dr. Long has had connections with the long distance telephone put into his residence and office. The bank will also put in connections.
September 7, 1900
The Durant Telephone Co. has commenced putting in lines from Caddo to Blue, Bokchito, Bennington, Jackson, Mayhew, and on to Antlers on the Frisco east of Caddo and will put in a line to Folsom, Ego, Wapanucka, Rock Academy, J___, Stonewall, and up to Rolf on the Frisco running from Sapulpa to Sherman. They will also put in a line from Ego to Atoka by way of Boggy Depot. These lines will put us in connection with most of the towns east of and west of Caddo between the two Frisco railroads. The telephone company deserves the thanks for the commendable enterprise. The lines will no doubt be of great advantage to the business community and they deserve patronage.
October 19, 1900
A.M. Robertson bought the Choctaw Telephone lines and will make Durant his headquarters. (Mr. Robertson was the manager of the Chickasha telephone system. He married Vivia Locke, Caddo, in August of 1900.)
October 12, 1900
Henry Chiles received a telephone message Wednesday stating that this father who lives at Sherman was very sick. Chiles left on the first train for Sherman.
Telephone magazine, Volume 17
By John C. McMynn, Frederic Auten Combs Perrine, Carl E. Kammeyer 1901
OTHER STATES. Caddo, I. T.—The Choctaw Telephone Company was incorporated, with A. M. Robertson manager. The company is composed of Caddo men and has bought the Hodges long-distance line, and will put in a local system here. The capital stock is $25,000 and the company is a strong one, including H. M. Dunlap, president of the Caddo bank.
April 5, 1901
The Choctaw Telephone Company was incorporated last week with A. M. Roberson as manager. The company is composed of Caddo men and has bought the Hodges long distant line and will put in a local system here.
November 1, 1901
A man was recently arrested and fined $25 for listening to a telephone message passing over a line in which he owned a phone and afterward telling what he heard. The theory was that messages or conversations over the wires are confidential and the fact that he owned a phone gave him no right to repeat anything he might have heard either by accident or otherwise.
April 25, 1902
I have moved my bakery to the Lynch building where I hope to be better fixed to accommodate my trade, and keep on hand all kinds of cakes, pies and fresh bread. I will deliver every afternoon fresh bread and rolls. C. F. Hacker, phone 76
September 12, 1902
Miss Mary Allen, popular telephone operator, visited relatives and friends at Lehigh Sunday.
September 25, 1902
Mrs. Lynch is now at work at home, doing fine millinery and dressmaking. Call and see her. Phone 28.
January 9, 1903
Miss Anna Dodd has accepted a position as central for the Choctaw Telephone Co. at this place.
May 8, 1903
Last week The Herald finished the new directory for the Choctaw Telephone Co. for Caddo.
The Herald job department this week turned out a most prosperous job for the Tribal Bank & Trust Co. We have other neat work and if you want any just phone us. Forty five is our number.
July 17, 1903
Miss Mattie Harvey, from Atoka, arrived Tuesday, and Wednesday took charge of the telephone central office in Caddo; Mrs. Simpson resigned.
July 24, 1903
(from July 28, 1933, “Thirty Years Ago”)
The Choctaw Telephone Company held the telephone franchise in Caddo. They were advertising telephones at $2 per month for business use and $1.50 per month for the residential phones.
September 2, 1904
Leave or phone your orders for ice cream at Wood’s Drug Store. Only the finest pasteurized cream served. None other should be used.
September 9, 1904
Smith’s Premium lard, ham, and breakfast bacon. Phone 72. Hill Bros.
February 9, 1906
(from a story about a killing at Folsom.)
The wires are down over the phone to both Nail and Folsom and Marshal Broderick of Caddo only knew that the homicide had been committed. The marshal’s office here knew nothing about the transaction at all.
May 13, 1910
Don’t forget to pay your telephone bill by May 15, 1910 and avoid having your telephone service discontinued. Present card to be receipted.
May 27, 1910
(From an article about new roads.)
…They will be inducive to the good phone systems that are being planned and will help to make happy homes and up-to-date farmers and neighbors.
June 30, 1911
If you have anything to haul let us know. Sargent Bros. Dray and Transfer Co. Phone 84.
August 28, 1911
Manager J. O. Dick of the Telephone Company was here Tuesday.
I have bought the real estate and insurance business of A. F. Manning. I will represent the same insurance companies and will appreciate any new business as well as a continuance of the old. Also make long and short time loans on farm lands. Buy and sell real estate. List your property with me. Office in rear of Security State Bank. Telephone connections. W. H. Robbins
September 15, 1911
Mrs. Laura Winfrey has returned from a month’s vacation and is again in charge of the telephone office.
April, 19, 1912
New Phone Line
A new rural telephone line was installed last week running from central to parties living north of town. It is designated as Line I and the following is the list of subscribers:
I-15 F. Manning
I-25 Bill Slack
I-52 E. T. Tipton
I-51 Bill Driver
I-151 I. N. Chaney
Soon there will be a network of lines running in every direction which with the rural routes established will largely eliminate the necessity for farmers coming to town.
January 17, 1913
Miss Ronnie Mays, dressmaker, Grover Phillips residence. Phone 125.
April 18, 1913
J.M. Ellsworth from Kenefick was out this week repairing his telephone lines.
July 4, 1913
New clean groceries at Haralson’s. Stock just put up. No old goods. I would like a part of your trade. Free delivery. Phone me your wants.
October 31, 1913
The stockholders of the Liberty Hill Telephone Company, which is L line from Caddo, met Thursday night, October 23rd for the purpose of electing a president to succeed John Horton, who has been serving the company ever since it was organized. C. W. Banta was elected to fill the place. Mr. Horton has made us a good president, but he is planning to leave us soon. Liberty Hill will lose a good citizen when he moves away.
December 17, 1914
Another Killing in Bryan County
Durant, Dec. 16- Tuesday morning Sheriff Lib Hart received a phone message from Henry Anderson at Colbert stating that he had killed Jim Brazil, and wanted to give himself up…
April 23, 1916
Mrs. Laura Winfrey is spending the week in Ardmore attending the meeting of the district managers and plant chiefs of the Pioneer Telephone Co. Mrs. Winfrey has been manager at Caddo for many years-some fifteen-and is one of the best that the company has in any place.
August 19, 1917
Ross Bonner returned from Oklahoma City Thursday where he had been on business for the Pioneer Telephone Co.
May 11, 1923
Mothers’ Day, Sunday, May 13. Let us say it with flowers for you. Phone 989, Durant Flower Shop.
December 22, 1922
(from a story about the robbery of the Caddo National Bank.)
…After securing the money the robbers shut all twelve people in the vault, and made their way out the back way, where the car was waiting, engine running. A telephone inside the vault enabled those in it to phone for help; but by this time the robbers were swiftly going east…
June 12, 1925
Maytubby Home Burns Tuesday
At about two o’clock Tuesday afternoon the home of J. D. Maytubby, cashier of the Caddo National Bank, was discovered by passersby to be on fire. The alarm was sounded quickly and with the aid of the telephones, a crowd was soon on hand, with fire fighting apparatus. By hard work and two streams of water, the main part of the house and practically all the furniture was saved. The roof and upper rooms were wrecks and water damage down stairs was very great.
July 17, 1925
Mrs. Park Awarded a Bronze Service Medal
At a well-appointed 7 o’clock dinner at the Royal Hotel last Friday evening, Mrs. Lydia Annie Park was presented with a bronze medal from the Theodore N. Vail fund for extraordinary service rendered a subscriber. (T. N. Vail was former head of American Telephone and Telegraph)
The presentation was made by J. A. Armstrong, traffic superintendent of Oklahoma City in a speech in which he recounted various deeds of self-effacing daring done by employees while on duty and the service rendered by Mrs. Park which entitled her to the Medal.
It will be remembered that when the M. B. Taylor home, 2 miles west of town, burned Dec. 28th last, Mr. Taylor frantically called to Central, who though somewhat confused, managed to summon aid to the stricken family. (Central refers to the telephone switchboard.)
Mrs. Park responded that she only did her duty, but was glad to be of service at any time to people.
There were present at this dinner C. A. Voyles, district manager of the Southwestern, Durant; W. T. Henderson, district plant chief, Ardmore; E. P. King, district traffic chief, Ardmore; J. A. Armstrong, Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Green, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Crossett, Dr. and Mrs. L. M. Nettelton, Dr. C. D. Dale, A. E. Richey, Mrs. Laura Winfrey, Mrs. Birdie Hill, Mrs. W. C. Faulkner, Mr. and Mrs. John Park.
Enjoyable music was rendered by the Twilight Toe Teaser Orchestra. Mrs. G. L. Williams served the dinner in her own best style.
Remarks were made by G. A. Crossett, E. P. King, W. N. Green, Mrs. Winfrey and Mrs. Park.
It was a fitting tribute to Mrs. Park who on many occasions has rendered extraordinary service to patrons.
Durant Daily Democrat
August 2, 1921
Report of Caddo’s Destruction by Fire
Today Was Erroneous
The report that was received in the city this morning of the destruction of the business section of Caddo by fire at six o’clock was wrong. Only one store was destroyed, that being the tailor shop of Roy McGee. The explosion of a gasoline tank in the place of business started a conflagration that caused great uneasiness among the business men of that city. It looked as though the business section was threatened and a call was sent to the fire department of this city and the boys immediately responded, starting there with the trucks and equipment. They had gotten as far as the Seely School house when they were notified that the Caddo department had gotten the flames under control and they returned home. The damage to the business and building was estimated at $3,500, partly covered by insurance.
The Caddo Oklahoma Star
December 7, 1875
Rev. Allen Wright attended to the spiritual wants of our people Sunday.
Isaac D. Gibson, agent for the Osages, has tendered his resignation and it has been accepted.
Henry Childs was in town last week and reports the horse disease in the Valley alarmingly severe.
Mrs. Ainsworth and Mrs. Connie were around last week soliciting aid for the Christmas tree. We have no doubt they succeeded in raising funds to get up something quite respectable.
Last year cholera killed most of the hogs and hits year the thieves are killing the balance.
John Ryan, a citizen of Denison, committed suicide a few days ago by swallowing 20 grams of morphine.
Farmers are offering cotton pickers $1 per hundred pounds and find it difficult to get them at that.
Born: It’s a girl and weighs 11 ½ lbs. and adds one more to the Jones family. The old woman says the doctor is doing as well as could be expected.
December 14, 1875
Mrs. Jones and the baby doing well, and the doctor ditto.
Rev. Mr. Burns, of Stonewall, on his way to Paris, Texas, stopped over Sunday and preached to the people of Caddo.
Bro. J. S. Murrow, R. W. Grand Lecturer of the Indian Territory, will deliver a lecture to Caddo Lodge on the 27th inst., St. John’s Day.
December 21, 1875
To Mr. and Mrs. Ainsworth we are indebted for a remembrance that words cannot express.
Many thanks are due my kind friends, Mr. & Mrs. Bouton, for a pleasant ride and visit to their nice home. After dinner we visited the dairy and then took a rumble through the woods just a little too late for pecans and black haws; but the day was so fine that we scarcely felt the need of anything else to make it one of the most delightful spent in Oklahoma. Urania (pen name of Lydia McPherson)