The Durant Weekly News
May 29, 1914
Baldwin Has Movie Camera
Will Complete Pictures of Durant and Bryan County
To be Shown Along With Other Oklahoma
Exhibits at Panama Exposition
Tuesday morning Mr. T. L. Baldwin of the Wide-A-Wake Studio received an Ernemann Motion Picture camera with its various attachments and now has it completely assembled, ready for any sort of work. The camera was made in Dresden, Germany, and is one of the finest instruments known to the profession and cost as much as a good automobile. It will be remembered that during the fair last fall representatives of the Panama Exposition commission attempted to make many hundreds of feet of film of Durant, but the weather conditions were so bad that much of the film was ruined. However, the pictures of the fair and many other subjects were passably good, but the film was never shown. The better part of the pictures that were good have been preserved and the work will be continued by Mr. Baldwin with W. S. Sterrett as director.
In addition to work contemplated in Durant, many scenes will be made in the other towns of the county, as well as farm scenes, portraits of well-known people, and whatever appears of interest. Several weeks will be required to finish the reels, after which they will be assembled with the reel made last fall and exhibited in Durant as well as in every town in the county, large and small. Then the film will be handed to the Panama Exposition commission to be shown as that body wishes.
The Caddo Herald
September 25, 1914
T.L. Baldwin was here from Durant yesterday with the reel pictures that he had made of the Caddo Corn Carnival showing it to a few people and making arrangements for its exhibition in Caddo.
By arrangement with Mrs. G. Goodman, the Carnival moving pictures will be shown Thursday and Friday nights next at the Electric Theatre in Caddo. The Carnival reel will be shown in addition to the regular show and an additional entrance fee will be charged. This reel shows the mains acts of the Carnival as they occurred- the parade, the riding, exhibits, the queen, the ball, the grounds, and many points of interest in town, including business houses, residences, and mills.
The reel is a good one showing people and scenes that you are familiar with. Don’t fail to see Doug Williams and H. T. Styron in the pictures. It is a good advertisement for Caddo.
The Ernemann Camera
Reviewed by Hugh Hoffman (The Motion Picture World, Vol. 19, issues 1-7, 1914)
Before the Ernemann Company, of Germany, opened its first American branch office at 114 Fifth Avenue, New York, the Ernemann motion picture camera was well and favorably known among expert cameramen. This camera has been comparatively scarce on this side of the water for the reason that London was the nearest known selling point, but, in proportion to other European makes, the Ernemann is well represented on the firing line here in America.
With the advent of the new Ernemann branch office there are introduced some improvements in the camera which make it a far better instrument than it was a few years ago. The latest pattern of the Ernemann professional camera is known as the "Model B." It is assembled in a substantial, heavily-built teakwood case, and weighs, without the tripod, about 16 pounds. As is customary, the box is divided into independent compartments, but this case has one more compartment than is usual with the general run of cameras. On the crank side and below the customary compartment of the take-up mechanism is a space about 2x3 inches, extending from front to back, which is used as a finder, having a lens in front, a ground glass a few inches back, and an opening in the back for the operator to look through while grinding. All this is in addition to the regular focusing tube through the center of the case to the motion picture lens.
The intermittent movement is located in the front compartment, just under the lens. This is a very good arrangement since it allows the operator to get at his mechanism and adjust it without exposing the film. The intermittent movement is an excellent combination of friction and pin movement in alternate action. The downward pull is not obtained by eccentric rotation and claw, but by a sidewise arm and pivot action timed by a cam. The finger feed consists of two pins at the top corners of a rectangular frame. The bottom of the frame is on a hinge and the tendency is for it to pull away from the film tracks by spring arrangement. In feeding, this frame is pushed forward tightly, and the pins engage with the sprocket holes. The next movement is the downward pull with the friction shoes released. Next the friction shoes bind the film during exposure, while the pin frame releases, drops back and raises into position for the next pull.
The camera holds two magazines having a capacity of 400 feet each. The double sprocket system is used in feeding the film from one magazine to the other. There are no belts in this camera. The feed and take-up are operated by spur and bevel gears. Besides this, there is a very excellent signal if the take-up is not working. This signal consists of two small auxiliary cranks, one for each magazine, on the crank side. As the camera operates, these small cranks revolve, showing that the film is traveling all right. If one of them should stop it is a signal that the film is buckling, in which emergency the operator may turn the small crank by hand and thus get out of the difficulty.
The "Model B" is equipped with a measuring dial on the metric system. Two speeds may be had by inserting the main crank into one or the other of two slots provided for the purpose. One slot is for the regular standard speed and the other is for slow speed. The film may be run forward or backward by merely reversing the crank, no other adjustments being necessary. The "Model B" head sells for $300. The tripods are of two sizes; the two-fall ladder tripod with tilting and panoramic head sells for $72, and the three-fall ladder tripod with panorama and tilt sells for $90.
The "Model A" is a smaller camera designed for microscopic and stop-motion and work. Its capacity is 200 feet of film. The take-up action is by means of spring belts and the single sprocket system is used inside. The finder is on the side on the bevel plan. Aside from these points, it is the same in general appearance and finish as "Model B." It sells for $135. Tripod with full movement, $60.
The Ernemann Company expects, by the coming spring, to have ready for the market a camera for amateur use and for use by exhibitors in taking local events.
The Caddo Herald
March 12, 1926
J.W. Crutchfield was here Sunday from Durant.
R.A. Riddels and Harve McGraw were visitors to the Stock Show at Fort Worth Wednesday.
Harry Pace, Bonnie Dale, Randolph Freeny, and Ernestine Carroll motored to Madill Sunday afternoon.
Joe K. Carraway, from Houston, spent two days in Caddo this week looking after business interests.
John A. Phillips was here Wednesday from Durant, interviewing his friends about the tax assessor’s office.
Charles Lewis was in town last Friday interviewing the folks about his candidacy for county clerk. He has many friends here.
Rain Tuesday and Wednesday put a good season in the ground, and caused a lull in business. But the sun will shine again and thins become brighter. We need the rains as well as the sunshine.
Rev. and Mrs. C. T. Davis, Maurice Beck, Mrs. G. B. Moran, Mrs. L. M. Nettelton, Mrs. R. M. Sargent attended the District Conference in Ada this week. They report that at this session Mr. G. A Crossett of Caddo was reelected District Lay Leader of the Methodist Church.
Johnson to Detroit
Carl T. Johnson of the Caddo Motor Company is in Detroit this week attending a convention of Ford dealers, arriving Thursday morning. He went on a special train of Pullmans which carried the men form the Southwest. He will come back with a bigger idea of the Ford products and policies.
Let Joe Do It!
Paint Your Ford
!! $10 For the Job !!
100 Ricks of Good Heating or Cook
$2.50 rick, delivered
The Caddo Herald
December 26, 1913
Rich Oil Strike for Caddo Men
Word came to Caddo Friday night that the 1911 Oil Company had brought in an oil gusher on their lease near Ardmore that the oil was overflowing everything in the vicinity, that the casing was blow out and that is hard to estimate the flow, though it is thought to be from 1,000 to 1,500 barrels per day.
The company is composed of Caddo and Durant people: G. L. Williams and W. F. Dodd being the Caddo members and Lawrence Lee, J. B. Smith, Berry Norman, Mitch Roberts Dr. Rushing, Mrs. Fannie K. Schenck, W. A. Cole, and Mr. Highnote being the Durant members.
The Herald desires to congratulate these people on their rich strike and hope it is as rich as (their) fondest desires. Mr. Dodd has always been one of Caddo’s most progressive citizens, while Mr. Williams had conducted the hotel that has made Caddo famous.
January 9, 1914
W.F. Dodd had word from Ardmore Monday that the well of the 1911 Oil Co. of which he is a stockholder, was under control and that as soon as storage tanks could be placed it would be allowed to flow. The strike is very rich and the owners are jubilant at their find. The company will drill other wells at once, being sure now of securing flowing wells.
Durant Weekly News
May 10, 1916
Five Years in Oil Business
1911 Oil Company Organized Here Five Years Ago
With a Capital of $10,000 Now Holds Property Worth $100,000
Five years ago last Monday a bunch of men sat in the Corner Drug Store here talking about oil production and discussing among themselves the possibilities of easy money from this sort of speculation. The germ thus stated quickly grew and spread out and within a few weeks there was formed the 1911 Oil Company with a capital stock of $10,000, divided into 400 shares of $25 each.
Within a very short time the stock was all taken up by eleven people, being equally divided among Drs. J. B. Smith and G. M. Rushing, Messrs. W. R. Collins, M. L. Roberts, L. F. Lee, Berry Norman, R. E. Highnote, A. W. Cole, and Mrs. Schenk of Durant and Messrs. W. F. Dodd and G. L. Williams of Caddo.
The new company secured leases in the Sapulpa field and spent some of their capital stock in this way, but their investments there turned out worse than they had expected, and they were all but disheartened. About that time the Healdton oil field began to become famous and the officials of the company quickly got into the game and secured leases on all sides of a couple of locations for wells, thus insuring themselves good property no matter which way the field proved to lay. They hit it right and one well after another was sunk until now the 1911 Company boasts of twenty producing oil wells and the property is estimated by disinterested oil men to be worth at least $400,000 making stock in the company worth forty to one.
With slight exception the personnel is just as it stated five years ago. W. R. Collins has sold some of his holdings, still retaining a substantial interest.
The annual election held here on Monday resulted in the following selections: L. F. Lee, president; G. L. Williams, vice president; Dr. J. B. Smith, secretary-treasurer; directors: L. F. Lee, Ben H. Dwight, G. L. Williams, J. B. Smith.
The Daily Ardmoreite
December 19, 1920
From a full page of biographies and articles about the oil business:
…In 1916 he and his associates purchased the 1911 Oil Company and Mr. Drew also became the executive head of that company…sold in 1919.
The Durant Daily News
June 30, 1905
A wagon load of chairs were sent out to Nail’s Crossing today to be used at the Odd Fellow and Woodmen picnic to be given there tomorrow.
July 3, 1905
Dobbs Draws Gun First
Prompt Action of Posseman
Probably Saves Life of Wilcox
Bootlegger Makes Gun Play
At Nails Crossing But it Did Him No Good-
He Was Brought in and Placed in Jail
If Charley Dobbs had not had been quick with his gun last Saturday, Marshal Wilcox would probably have been wounded or killed by a man said to be a bootlegger.
While attending the picnic at Nails Crossing Messrs. Wilcox and Dobbs noticed two fellows whose actions were suspicious. The men walked down the creek about half a mile and the two officers followed.
They went down under a bluff and in a few minutes returned and one of the men was carrying a quart of booze in his shirt bosom.
As they came meeting the officers Wilcox stepped up to the man with the booze and commenced searching him.
The man, Rogers, whom it is alleged sold the whiskey, made an attempt to pull a 45 Colt revolver, but before he could cover Wilcox he was looking into the muzzle of Dobb’s revolver and the way he tried to reach the clouds was a caution to hold-up men.
Rogers was arrested, brought to town, and placed in jail, charged with selling barley water. His preliminary hearing was had at four o’clock.
The Caddo Herald
October 17, 1902
Born: Saturday night there was born into the family of John Hill a fine boy.
Frank Maddox visited friends in Texas Saturday.
T.B. Turnbull was here a few days last week from Bennington.
Mrs. Jerry Dwight, from Jackson, visited friends in Caddo this week.
Mrs. A. M. Russell is visiting her daughter, Mrs. J. W. White at Ravia.
Bert Farmer, from Ardmore, visited relative in Caddo Saturday and Sunday.
Mrs. W. W. Craig returned Saturday from a visit of two weeks to relatives in Texas.
C.O. Price and brother were in Caddo Wednesday from Ego.
Mrs. L. S. Rutherford left Tuesday to visit her daughter, Mrs. C. R. Fignet at Honey Grove, Texas.
Misses Mary and Dora McArthur returned to Caddo last Saturday. Miss Mary returned to Coalgate Monday.
Miss Mabel Beavert, of Durant, visited Mrs. Virgil Walker in Caddo Saturday. She returned home Sunday.
Miss Daisy Baxter, who is attending the Presbyterian College at Durant, visited home folks near Caddo Sunday.
A music and graphophone entertainment was given at the Turnbull School house last Saturdays night. A large number had a good time.
Camp Cooper ex-Confederates are called to meet in Caddo tomorrow a week hence for the purpose of transacting important business. Capt. Ellis desires a full attendance.
Miss Ina Richards and Mr. H. Meadows of Caddo, took dinner with Miss Ina's sister, Mrs. Hattie Covey. They returned home in the afternoon accompanied by little Velma Covey. Durant News
Roy A. Baird, manager of the Choctaw Telephone Company, was in Caddo yesterday from Atoka. He informs us he will move here very soon and establish headquarters at Caddo.
This meeting was attended by Caddo’s great road supporter, W. F. Dodd. His name appears at the end of the article.
The Jefferson Highway Association will hold their annual conference at Denison, Texas this year. The dates are April 28-29. For more information check their website or Facebook page.
Dallas Morning News
November 23, 1917
Jefferson Highway Men Hold Meeting at Denison
Special to The News- Denison, Texas, Nov. 22- When D. N. Fink, president of the international board of directors of the Jefferson Highway, called the first session of the board to order at 11 o’clock this morning he found seven stats and one province represented. Two sessions were held today. Tonight the delegates were entertained with a dinner by the Chamber of Commerce. Friday will be taken up with business of interest to the Jefferson Highway and matters pertaining to hard surfaced roads.
The Jefferson Highway has been organized but two years. Soon after its organization a slogan “Hard Surfaced by 1919” was adopted. And the progress of road building during the last two years indicates that the highway will be hard surfaced long before 1919. Almost the entire first six months after organization was spent in settling contrasts and connecting to roads between states and communities, but with all of that disposed of a vigorous campaign was waged to make the Jefferson the best highway in the nation.
Curtis Hanncock, chairman and commissioners Odle and McLean of the Texas Highway Commission arrived tonight to attend the Friday meeting. It is expected that some important data will be given out to the Texas commission regarding state and federal aid on the Jefferson and other highways in Texas.
Among those attending the meetings are D. N. Fink, president of the international association, of Muskogee; W. A. Hopkins, first international vice president and wife, Lamont, Iowa; Mrs. John Lamar Kimbell, second vice president, Shreveport, La.; Walter Parker, secretary, new Orleans, La. ; John E. Combs, treasurer, St. Joseph, Mo.; J. D. Clarkson, general manager, and wife, Des Moines, Iowa; Thomas H. Johnson, vice president for the Province of Manitoba, from Winnipeg; Joseph H. Beck, vice president for state of Minnesota, of St. Paul; George K. McIntosh, State Highway commissioner for Missouri, and wife; Charles Blair, Lamont, Iowa; James H. Harvey, Leon, Iowa; E. C. Harlan, Indianola, Iowa; Ezra H. Frisby, a director and dean of the Missouri bar, Bethany, Mo.; H. H. Ogden, Muskogee, Ok.; Paul Nesbitt, McAlester, Ok.; Fred Horton, Greeneville, Theo Webster, Sulphur Springs; Daniel Thaw, Thief River Falls, Minn.; O. W. Campbell, Dallas; A. H. Shaffer, Pittsburg, Kan.; Judge B. Barr, Fort Scott, Kan.; J. Richards, Osceola, Iowa; Senator John M. Malany, Joplin, Mo.; W. F. Dodd and wife, Caddo, Ok.; W. N. King, vice president, and Julian Field, consulting engineer, of Denison.
Last year I posted a shorter version of this as it was printed in the Caddo Herald. I had not seen this longer version until recently.
The Durant Daily Democrat
April 21, 1927
Twister Spreads Destruction
By G. A. Crossett
Just before six o’clock Wednesday afternoon dark clouds began to form west of Caddo, like smoke belching from a factory chimney. Swirling and angry, these clouds gradually shaped like a top. Coming with the speed of a racing car, the cloud, now funnel shaped, struck the earth a mile west of town, tearing a path a hundred yards wide through the east part of town. J. W. Overstreet suffered among the first and the most. Moving like a spinning top but five minutes were required to traverse the mile on earth. On a hill north of town the twister stopped and toyed with its toll. In its path was a cloud of whirling shingles, planks, tree limbs, chickens, tubs, and tin roofs. As it danced its way north of town it picked up the debris and let it down to pick it up again, tossing the roofs around like a child does a kite.
I stood within two hundred yards of the path of this twister to watch it and to write the story. I felt no fear, but I did marvel at the power and speed of the whirlwind. Tons of stuff it tossed about like egg shells. This storm did not carry with it the destructiveness I had seen at other times, but believe me, it did enough.
Fully fifteen minutes warning was given the people so that when the storm struck the earth there was nobody above ground but myself that I could see. Standing room only in the storm houses and bank vaults. The streets were as deserted as if a plague were abroad. Moles and prairie dogs had nothing on Caddo folks. The underground seemed a safe place for humans. To this is attributed the fact that there were no deaths.
Veteran Spared Again
Tom F. Smith, an invalid veteran of the world war, was in his car in front of the Phelps home. He could not get out. The storm swept one room of the house toward his car, but mercifully pushed the car out of its path, tore off the top and upper windshield, but did no injury to Smith. He went through the war torn fields of France without death and the storm of God again spared his life. His wife and little baby found safety by lying in the water soaked garden.
An hour after the cyclone, while torrents of rain were falling, lightning struck the home of W. C. Smith, setting it afire. But few belongings were saved. Mr. Smith’s house was just out of the path of the storm. And he was out seeking to aid any who might be distraught.
After the spinning on the hill, the storm acted as if it had forgotten something and came back. This was when it damaged the Davis house and barn. Then it lifted in the air, gone we know not where. Suffice it for us that it was gone, never to return.
For four hours a torrential rain fell after the cyclone, bringing some hail and flooded the streets. The lights were out and people after coming above ground felt their ways about. Families were reunited and joy reigned that none were seriously hurt. Darkness, gloom and joy prevailed.
Mrs. Overstreet Hurt
Mrs. J. W. Overstreet was slightly injured by falling brick from a chimney in her house.
A terrific bolt of lightning struck just before the storm in the alley downtown, shocking several, but doing no permanent damage.
Offers of aid immediately came in from townspeople and from Durant and Ardmore. But the damage was not such that the town could not care for its homeless.
Those familiar with the town may get an idea of the path of the storm this way: The east path missed my home a hundred feet. The west edge missed the grammar school building a hundred feet, passing between it and the J.T. Petty home. Trees, fences, telephone and light wires are scattered through the path of the cyclone.
The garage of J. W. Overstreet was carried into the street northeast of his house and demolished. His car was left upside down in the middle of the street. The Petty garage was lifted off the car, doing no damage to the car.
Several large scantlings were sticking in the ground in various places.
Through it all the wonder is that no lives were lost. Only property that can be replaced.
Thanks so much to members of the Denison history FB group for passing this article along to me. I looked up the December 12 article (page 1) and it was basically a repeat of the San Francisco article claiming that Mr. Moon had employed local women to help him dig up his wife’s body.
This is a fine example of “it takes a village”. I appreciate all the people who continue to add to the history of Caddo by sharing the information linked to their families and interests. In this case, the embalmer was from Denison.
This should also encourage you to share your stories, contact other researchers, and join communities of fellow historians.
The Cincinnati (OH) Enquirer
Friday, December 23, 1904, page 6
For the Most Part was an Exaggerated Story
About Death and Burial of Mrs. Moon
In the issue of December 12 The Enquirer printed a dispatch from Caddo, I. T. which was an exaggeration of the facts attendant upon the death and interment of the wife of W. J. Moon, a prominent and influential man in that locality. The Enquirer regrets the publication, much of which was untrue, and gladly prints the real facts as set forth in the following letter written by Mr. Moon:
Caddo, I. T., December 19, 1904
To the Editor of the Enquirer,
There has appeared in a recent issue of your paper an article relative to my conduct and actions in the matter of the burial of my wife. This article is a gross misrepresentation of the facts and attributes to me certain motives and mental conditions that I resent as untrue.
I ask you to retract said article and publish this letter of mine, also the enclosed statement of W. H. Halton, embalmer, Denison, Texas, under whose instructions I acted in the matter.
I regret very much the notoriety that this matter has received.
Why the morbid curiosity of the public should demand that the sacred relations and rights that I have in my great bereavement should be thus published, broadcast over the country, to my injury, I cannot understand.
I have acted in this matter, from the start, from a sincere devotion to my wife, and the method I took of showing this I do not regard as unnatural or grewsome (sic).
I was in St. Louis at the time my wife destroyed herself by her own hand, and I, myself, was the first to find her dead at our home upon my return to Caddo, she having been dead some 24 hours. I was present at her burial, the only time that she was buried. The statement that she was taken up and buried several times is false. She was buried but one time and as stated in Mr. Halton’s letter, I was following out an inclination that I had always had to build a vault for the remains of the members of my family. I had the vault built under the instruction of Mr. Halton. Yours truly, W. J. Moon, E. L.
The following statement, made by the undertaker employed by Mr. Moon, sets forth clearly what really transpired:
I was employed by Mr. Moon to embalm the body of his wife. She had been dead something like 36 hours when I reached Caddo. Mr. Moon stated that he wished the body preserved if possible. I told him that it would be difficult owing to the length of time that death had ensued, so I gave two treatments before the body was buried on the fourth day.
Mr. Moon came to the conclusion that he would build a vault and had his wife’s body taken up and when done it was found that the casket was not properly closed. This was evident from some mold that had formed on her hair from dampness. The body was well preserved and the features were perfect as when laid away. I was called by Mr. Moon to Caddo, he being anxious to save the body. I told him that it could be done. Mr. Moon attended the body every day at the vault and followed my instructions in caring for it. I made several trips to Caddo and injected fluids each time. The treatment lasted through several months. Mr. Moon’s devotion to his task was constant and daily. Day after day, following my instructions, he did what no man or person in my experience has ever done, to be finally rewarded with the knowledge that he had preserved the body of his loved one. Everything done was as I had instructed him. The idea that he wished the body preserved was his own. He alone is responsible for that. His desire was not unusual, but natural, and the methods used were scientific and not more morbid or grewsome (sic) than in all such cases of preserving the body.
I know Mr. Moon’s motives were sincere, and none of the motives attributed to him are true. I know that no person actuated by insincere motives could have gone through the trying ordeal that he has during the last seven or eight months. He built the vault under my advice. Yours truly, W. H. Halton, Denison, Texas, December 19, 1904.
Note: Does anyone else still find the passages I underlined somewhat disturbing? What was his purpose in so perfectly “preserving” his wife’s body? And you’ll notice he offers no explanation for why his wife “destroyed herself by her own hand”. I still think the real story lies in what happened before her death…not afterwards.