The Caddo Herald
July 14, 1933
Thirty Years Ago – July 10, 1903
A tax for the current expenses of the town of Caddo was assessed at $1 per hundred dollars of valuation according to an ordinance in that issue of the Herald.
W.J. Moon was advertising an annual mid-summer clearance sale in his store. Best suits were selling for $6 to $17.50; boy’s suits from $1 to $3; ladies hose from 25c up, and men’s hats from $1.50 to $6.
Edward Bates was mayor of Caddo and C. W. Hill was the recorder pro tem.
The Herald moved on the previous Friday and Saturday to the quarters it now occupies and we have been here ever since. Ain’t dat sumpin?
A big row had arisen over the new officers for Blue County. C. A. Bilbo and A. B. McCoy had been enjoined from taking over the offices of Sheriff and Judge respectively of W. A. Durant and R. C. Freeny.
Hogan Brothers were advertising oat sacks for sale.
Only three voting boxes were maintained in Blue County. There were at Caddo, Caney, and Durant. The Herald avers that it made returns easier to compile in those days of the horse and buggy.
Blue River was receding after a rampage caused by the Fourth of July rains.
Mrs. F. E. McPherren had installed tables and chairs for serving ice cream and cold drinks in her confectionary.
Miss Willie Jo Morehead had been declared the winner of second place in a contest sponsored by the Kansas City Star. Her prize was an “elegant gold watch set with diamonds”. Her many Caddo friends were congratulating her upon her success.
A big barbecue and picnic was advertised to be held at Bokchito on July 15 and 16, 1903.
The Cincinnati Daily Star
January 5, 1880
A dispatch from Caddo, I. T. says: It is reported here that a Choctaw Indian and a desperado named Julian Johnson, who had previously murdered three men, got on the rampage on the Red River south of here and stabbed and killed an orphan boy raised by Mrs. Garland, well-known on Red River. The boy was murdered at Bailey’s store.
Leaving the store, Johnson proceeded a few miles further and deliberately killed another Indian. Still not satisfied, he went to the residence of Judge Isaac Hampton, raised a quarrel and killed him also. In each case the murdered dispatched his victim with a knife. It is not known if Johnson was arrested.
I know the two fellows involved in this incident were not gunslingers. Don’t know what their squabble was about.
The Caddo Herald
September 9, 1904
Dick Grayson and Tom Manning are visiting the Fair City this week.
The Jimplecute (Jefferson, Texas)
December 17, 1904
Tom Manning and Dick Grayson Exchange Shots at Caddo
Caddo, I. T., Dec. 14- Tom Manning and Dick Grayson engaged in a shooting affray in which nine to ten shots were exchanged at a distance of about seventy-five yards. Dick Grayson used a shotgun and Tom Manning a 45-calibre six-shooter. Manning was hit in the mouth with the four or five shots, and also a bystander by the name of Luther Lewis was hit with five shot, ranging from the knee to the shoulder. Neither was seriously hurt.
(Ads for some of the competition.)
April 26, 1907
The socialists of the county met in this city last week and perfected a permanent organization. Major J. T. Cumbie was the session chairman. The officers are now:
J.T. Cumbie, of Nail, organizer; Dee Davis, Durant, secretary-treasurer; Frank Burris, Blue, literary agent; members of the committee are J. W. Hay, Durant, J. A. Lawrence, Durant, M. C. Carter, Nail, A. W. Tims, Caddo, Geo. Pearson, Albany, Frank Burris, Blue, and Dee Davis, Durant, ex-officio members all elected by their respective locals.
At a later session a constitution and by-laws was adopted and a committee selected on platform, said platform to be submitted to the county convention which meets I Durant on May 4 at 1pm. The purpose of this convention is to name a county ticket.
May 17, 1907
Durant, Okla., May 4, 1907- The Socialist party of Bryan County, Okla. met in mass convention in Labor Hall May 4, 1907 at 1 pm with J. T. Cumbie in the chair and Al Hopkins, secretary.
After adopting a platform, a resolution was read and submitted by Dee Davis of Durant, on ring rule and machine politics, condemning same by asking the convention to adopt his resolution which is as follows:
RESOLVED: that it is the sense of this convention that no nominee of the Socialist party shall reside in the corporate limits of the city of Durant.
Resolution lost by two votes. The convention proceeded to go into the nomination of county officers. The following named class-conscious and unadulterated Socialists were nominated for their respective offices: County judge, (debarred by the lawyer’s constitution); county attorney, (ditto); clerk of the district court- Dee Davis, Durant; county clerk- C. M. Murphy, Nail; sheriff- E. M. Bagwell, Caddo; treasurer- Frank Burris, Blue; register of deeds- Al Hopkins, Colbert; surveryor- not available; superintendent public instruction- J. N. Price, Nail; members of the legislature- M. C. Carter, Nail and J. H. Pelt, Barwick.
County commissioners: J. W. White, Albany; J. O. Lewis, Nail; J. A. Weeks, Sterrett
Much other business was attended to including the call of a flotorial convention at Caddo June 1st at 1pm. All Socialist of Bryan and Atoka counties are earnestly requested to be there. Central Executive Committee, Dee Davis, Secretary
Happy to update my previous post about Ormal with this information about his second wife:
The Southeastern Oklahoma Citizen (also in Durant Weekly)
March 29, 1934
Monday Daily, March 26- Mrs. Florence Dearing Perkins, a resident of Durant for the past 29 years, passed away here Saturday afternoon following an illness of three weeks. Mrs. Perkins was born in Cherry Springs, Gillespie County, Texas, in 1886 and came to Oklahoma with her family in 1904. A year later she moved to Fort Worth where she was married to O. H. Perkins, coming to Durant shortly after the ceremony.
Mr. and Mrs. Perkins have lived here continuously for nearly three decades. She has been a member of the Christian Church since young womanhood and has been actively identified with the First Church here, taking a lead in women’s organizations auxiliary to the church. In addition to her husband, who himself is seriously ill at this time, the deceased is survived by her son, T. J. Perkins, Phoenix, Arizona; her father, H. G. Dearing, El Paso, Texas; one sister, Mrs. J. B. Kerbo, Dallas, Texas; and three brothers, Dee Dearing, Ft. Worth; Ed Dearing, El Paso; and Henry Dearing, Denver. Funeral services were being conducted this afternoon at the First Christian Church with the Rev. Cecil A. Denney in charge. Burial is to be in Highland Cemetery.
The Fort Worth Star Telegram
September 15, 1905
Operating First Steam Plow
Caddo, I. T., September 15- C. A. Semple, a large land owner living one mile south of Caddo, has put to work the first steam plow ever used in this section and so far as known, in Indian Territory. Gang disc plows are used, breaking seven and one-half feet at a time and the power is furnished by a sixteen-horsepower traction engine.
This is a list of a few of the fires that destroyed much of Caddo between 1872-1930. I have more complete stories of the major ones.
The Caddo Herald
May 18, 1900
Fire: The worst fire by far that Caddo has had in ten years occurred Monday night at 9 o’clock. The damage as near as can be estimated being $40,000. Only the heroic efforts of our citizens and a very hard rain prevented the entire business portion of town from being destroyed…
November 23, 1900
Monday Night’s Fire Burned the First Block Built in Caddo
Caddo was visited by a fire Monday night which burned almost the entire block of buildings on the north side of East Buffalo street, and directly across the street from the Nail Hotel and W. H. Ainsworth’s dry goods store…
The Miami Weekly Herald
August 16, 1901
Caddo, I. T. – August 7- At 11 o’clock tonight fire started in the post office building on the north side of Buffalo Street and spread to the new building of G. B. Green, then spread east to the corner occupied by Arnold & Attaway, then north to the residence of Mrs. P. L. Russell. In all, eighteen buildings are gone, with over $100,000 loss.
1902- The “cotton house and gin” burned. (Name not given.)
January 9, 1903
Fire destroyed the residence of W. W. White on Buffalo street Wednesday morning about 3 o’clock. The house was owned by J. H. Sims of Durant. The fire was far advanced when first discovered and none of the effects were saved. The photo tent and contents were saved. There was some insurance but we failed to learn how much. It was a narrow escape for the building of Smith, Cobb & Pace, as they were next east of the residence. Buffalo Street being 100 feet wide lessened the danger to buildings on the south side, though a strong north wind was blowing.
Dallas Morning News, Dallas,
May 17, 1903
FIRE AT CADDO.
Three Buildings Destroyed--Loss Is About $30,000.
Denison, Tex., May 16.--Thursday morning at Caddo, I. T., fire started on the inside of the store of W. H. Ainsworth. A light northwest wind prevailed, which carried the flames from there to the I. O. O. F. Hall, thence to the frame building formerly occupied by the Caddo Herald, owned by C. A. Hancock, where the progress of the fire was stayed.
Durant Weekly News
December 8, 1905
Wednesday night at 9 o’clock a fire broke out in Hill’s dry goods store at Caddo and spread to buildings adjoining: Hill’s dry goods house, Pinson’s hardware store, Heath’s meat market. All of these houses, with their contents, were a complete loss.
The Daily Ardmoreite
February 4, 1907
Bad Fire at Caddo
Five Business Buildings with Their Contents Destroyed
Caddo, I. T. Feb. 3- Fire this morning at 4 o’clock destroyed five business buildings, four of which were one-story bricks, being the first brick buildings erected in the town and were built in the summer of 1895.
The frame building was owned by Mrs. Mattie Lynch, valued at $1,000 and partly insured; occupied by a meat market and restaurant. One brick was owned by W. D. Harrison and valued at $3,200, with insurance of $1,700; one by Mrs. McKee Robinson, occupied by W. E. Thedin; insurance on stock, $1,000, value, $1,600. The Harrison building was occupied by Allmon and Henry, grocers; value of stock and fixtures, $3,500, insurance $1,800. One building owned by Siegel & Hudspeth, value $3,200, some insurance, occupied by a restaurant. One building owned by Walters & Mugler, value, $3,200, partly insured.
It is believed that the buildings were set afire and United States Marshall Maytubby is on the ground working on the case. No arrests have been made.
The Daily Ardmoreite
March 20, 1907
Bad Fire at Caddo- March 19- Fire broke out at 11:30 last night in the store of Abney & Vincent and by 12 o’clock an entire block of business houses had been burned. Among the firms whose stores were destroyed were W. T. Smith, P. W. Arnold, and Abney & Vincent. A high south wind threatened the north side.
1909- The Katy cotton platform burned.
January 21, 1921
Last Friday morning at eight o’clock the Caddo High School building burned. Nothing but the walls and iron work was left. School began again Monday morning in the Club house, Woodman Hall, and Odd Fellow Hall.
February 4, 1921
Fire Friday Morning
Friday morning about 1 o’clock the old Masonic building on Main Street burned. It, with all contents was a total loss. It was occupied by Simmons & Cain as a corn mill. There was some insurance on the building, but none on the contents we understand. No one seems to know how the fire originated.
The building was one of the old landmarks of Caddo, having been erected some thirty years ago, had been used upstairs as a Masonic Hall, with other lodges meeting with them; was used as one of our public school buildings, as a store building in early days, and lately as a feed and meal store and mill. Much history is wrapped in that old building; many lessons have been taught there; many events occurred within its walls. Now all is ashes.
November 11, 1921
Fire Guts Building Sunday Morning
About 6 o’clock Sunday morning fire was discovered in the building occupied by Hodges & Roach barber shop and A. T. Hatcher, butcher. The alarm was sounded and telephones used so that soon the fire company appeared and proceeded to put out the blaze.
By this means the fire was confined to the building, though the contents were so badly damaged as to be worthless.
January 7, 1927
Rice Store burns Monday Morning
Monday morning at 6:30 o’clock the store of C. H. Rice was destroyed by fire. Nothing was saved of the stock of groceries. Loss on store and building was about $6,000. Insurance $2,000.
There have been many, many house fires. These are just a few:
1894- A. C. Risner home
1903- Sims home on Buffalo
1921- Amos K. Bass home
1923- F. R. Grayson home, once a hotel, built in 1883
1925- J. D. Maytubby home
1926- Lawrence home on Buffalo, built by Manning family in 1893
1927- W. T. Craighead home, one block north of Catholic Church
1930- Semple home, believed to be the first home built in Caddo, 1870, by Rev. Ebenezer Hotchkins
I came across this person’s history quite by accident, as often happens in genealogy research. A local woman, Eathel Nail, was his wife and I was actually searching for her obituary. The more I learned about her husband, the more intrigued I became. I find the two events posted here to be the epitome of irony. If someone wrote this in a novel it would certainly be ridiculed as “contrived”.
As a bit of background: Ormal Hulett Perkins was the son of T. J. Perkins and Ophelia Hulett Perkins. His father was a very wealthy businessman who “departed this life in Dallas, Texas on the 21st day of August, 1917”. He had gone there for the treatment of some condition or disease. He was in partnership with Forrest H. Johnson at the time of his death and his will lists their vast business and real estate investments, including a whale oil company. BTW, he left each of his four children-Ormal, Frank, Alline, and Leon- $1 and the remainder of his wealth went to his wife. Frank Perkins was a Durant pharmacist.
The Caddo Herald
September 5, 1902
Married: At the residence of the bride’s brother, D. O. Nail, in Caddo Wednesday evening at 5 o’clock, Mr. O. H. Perkins and Miss Eathel Nail, Rev. W. P. Dickey officiating. Only a few friends and relatives of the contracting parties were present. The groom is one of Durant’s most excellent young men and the bride is one of Caddo’s loveliest ladies. Miss Eathel is loved by all who know her and has many dear friends in Caddo who wish her a life of happiness and The Herald joins them in wishing the young couple a pleasant journey through life. (Eathel died in 1904. Ormal’s sister, Ruby Grace, also died in 1904. Sometime before 1910 he married Florence ___.)
In March of 1907 a black man named Jim “Duck” Williams, from Denison, was working temporarily near Colbert where he assaulted Maud Mizner. (Later investigation showed he was wanted for a previous assault in Texas.) A massive man-hunt ensued and he was eventually captured by a group led by a local black man. He was taken into custody and Maud identified him and also the gun he had stolen from her. During an attempt to transfer him to Durant the officers were overwhelmed by a mob of about 400 people and Jim Williams was hung from a nearby oil derrick.
May 10, 1907
Arrested for Murder
Monday there was much excitement in Durant because of the arrest of Councilman J. H. Newman, O. H. Perkins, and John Williams on a charge of being in the mob that hanged the negro at Sterrett in the last days of March.
Jim Hudson, Dutch Turley, Tom Lawrence, and Seymour Hale of Sterrett were also arrested and all were taken to McAlester by Chief Marshal Pritchard and a squad of men who came to this city for that purpose. All of the men were placed in jail except Newman and Perkins, who employed guards. (Other accounts say they were kept in a hotel under guard.) Indictments were returned Wednesday against Jim Hudson, Tom Lawrence, Seymour Hale, and J. R. Williams and the trials will probably occur in Durant in June.
There were no threats made against the officers who arrested the men, as reported in out-of-state town papers and very little excitement as one half of the world does not know much about the other half and cares less. (Other articles identify Newman as an “alderman” and Perkins as having a “cotton exchange”.)
I was unable to find any account of the consequences of this arrest. However, O. H. Perkins is listed as a member of the reception committee for the visit of the governor in August of 1907.
The Durant Statesman
December 17, 1915
Local Man Witnesses legal Execution
A Durant man, O. H. Perkins, was one of the twelve witnesses appointed by the State to witness the first legal execution of a criminal in the State since statehood and also the first to pay the death penalty in the electric chair. Henry Booker, Stephens County negro murderer, paid the penalty for his crime at once o’clock Friday morning in the death cell of the penitentiary at McAlester. Two “shots” were necessary to kill him and the standing physicians pronounced him dead within thirty seconds after the first shock. Mr. Perkins told a reporter that Bookman completely lost all semblance of any nerve that he may have possessed, and had to be carried to the death chair where just as the straps were being fixed about his head, he said, “Good-bye boys”- and that was all. (Ormal is identified in another source as the Undersheriff of Durant)
Durant Weekly News (OK)
May 29, 1936
A failing heart Sunday afternoon caused the death of Ormal Hulette Perkins, a resident of Durant for nearly 40 years. Mr. Perkins was 56 years of age, having come here when a young man from Nocona, Texas, his birthplace.
He had been ill for a week, but was not believed to be in a critical condition until a short time before his death. He was a lifetime member of the Elks Club. For several years he has been a member of the Christian men’s Sunday school class and rarely missed a gathering of the group.
Survivors are his son, Tee, his mother, Mrs. T. J. Perkins, and his brother, Frank Perkins, all of Durant, his sister, Mrs. Ben Dwight, Stroud, Oklahoma, and another brother, L. B. “Choc” Perkins, Oklahoma City. (Ormal’s wife had died in 1934.)
We know that the Great Depression lasted from 1929 through the late 30s and that Caddo was depicted as a near ghost town by Dorothea Lange’s camera. However, this list of businesses that advertised in The Herald indicates a strong recovery. Keep in mind that these are only the businesses that paid for display ads.
The Caddo Herald
Hunter’s Café- Mr. and Mrs. Elzie Hunter, Owners
City Meat Market- J. M. Edwards, G. C. Butler
Mrs. Thomas’ Café
Royal Hotel Beauty Shoppe- Marinell Kuschke
Sinclair Service Station- Grady Sargent, Owner
B. Jacob’s Department Store
New Ideal Laundry and Cleaners- Lake Brewer, Agent
Cheerio Beauty Shoppe- Rachael Barber Womble
W.E. McIntosh Druggist
Mrs. U. S. Markham Variety Store
The Notion Shop- Jack Craighead
Eber Parker Radio and Battery Service
Marathon Service Station- J. C. Davison
Service Cleaners- Vest Claborne, Owner
Boone & Styron
First State Bank of Caddo
Henry F. Bass
Fred Washington Grocery
C. H. Rice Grocery