Affairs in the Indian Territory, United States Congress
Reports on Committees of the Senate of the United States
3rd session of the 45th Congress, 1878-79
This is a fascinating book containing lots of information about the Indian Territory, the tribes, former slaves, and the railroad. I found several items about Caddo.
Mr. GARLAND (to Mr. Grafton). Whom do you represent?
Mr. GRAFTON. I appear for both the Choctaws and Chickasaws.
Mr. GARLAND. Is your employment by the council or the Secretary of the Interior?
Mr. GRAFTON. By the governor, B. F. Overton, and the delegates on the part of the Chickasaws, and by Colonel Harkins, and the delegate on the part of the Choctaws.
By Mr. GRAFTON:
Q. Have you any knowledge of a paper published in the Choctaw Nation known as the “Star Vindicator”?-A. Yes, sir.
Q. Do you know the editor?—A. Yes, sir; I know him very well.
Q. What is his name?—A. McPherson.
Q. Is he a citizen of the nation?—A. I understand that he claims a bogus citizenship there.
Q. By what name is that newspaper commonly known in your country? —A. It started there under the name of the Oklahoma Star. It was run then at Caddo, and was understood to be a Cooper organ, and an advocate of the old ring; and then afterwards it went to McAlester, for certain reasons which I will state, and assumed the name of the Star Vindicator. Not long after it moved I was at Caddo to see Mrs. McPherson to make some inquiries why McPherson left Caddo. And she said Mr. McPherson had published an article showing up alleged frauds against Mr. Harkins, the national agent of the Choctaw Nation. This article had been written by Mr. Boudinot. She ought to know, for she was the assistant editor of that paper at that time. She objected to its being published as an editorial, and said it would get him into trouble, but he put it out and charged Harkins with stealing of some kind. Mr. Harkins went to his office and gave him a cowhiding, and she left McPherson and said she would not live with a man who would take a cowhiding and said his friends had gone back on him just as she said they would. That caused him to leave that section of the country. I was speaking of his bogus citizenship. He has married a white woman in the Choctaw country who was said to have lived with a Choctaw Indian, but it has never been known whether she was lawfully married or not. There is one fact known- that she was not lawfully divorced from that Indian; they simply separated and McPherson married her. After McPherson left home on account of Harkins cowhiding him, he exchanged photographs with this woman and they were married by a kind of telegraph…or something in that way. I suppose she had an idea she would be a big squaw down there.
Q. So his claim to citizenship is on account of his having lived with a Choctaw Indian? A. Yes, sir.
Q. But it is not known whether they were lawfully married or not? A. No, sir.
Q. Mr. Marston has been authorized to investigate his citizenship, has he not? -A. I do not know. I suppose his investigation has proved very satisfactory. I have a letter from a gentleman in my country; he says “Old Mack is very much pleased at the investigation of Mr. Marston.” The writer of this letter says he wonders if Marston heard of or had the statement of his first wife. I do not know anything about the parties, but it is understood that he has no legal right in the country.